MDG7: Ensure environmental sustainability
It shall mean the achievement of the following goals:
Target 7.A: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources
Since the emergence of reissuances, the Sultanate has realized the importance of maintaining environment as it is an integral component of sustainable development. Thus, National Strategy to Preserve Omani Environment has been formulated in 1984. The strategy covers the ecological systems, evaluation of basic resources, and identification of the relation between environment and development. Through the legislations and laws enforced, the strategy has achieved environmental sustainability as to prevent its natural resources from pollution and depletion. In fact, the basic elements of the strategy include: monitoring renewable resources and ways of using them to address non-renewable resources in order to create balance between them and find ways of combatting pollution caused by human activities.
Target 7.B: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
For the purpose of maintaining biodiversity in Oman, the Sultanate has approved the international convention to preserve biodiversity and committed to it in 1992. Thus, National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan has been designed. The strategy aims at preserving agricultural, land, and sea resources, though the challenges faced like overgrazing, removal of natural vegetation, soil erosion, underground drainage, fishing depleting, deforestation, and land degradation. However, the Sultanate has adopted the procedures to prevent damage to these natural resources, maintain terrestrial environment by establishing natural reserves, and make detailed plans to manage coastal areas and corals. As the statistics showed, proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected reached 2.81% in 2011, compared to 0.25% in 1990. Additionally, proportion of species threatened with extinction reached 4.9% for plants, and 24.08% for animals in 2008.
Target 7.C: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
Drought and lack of rains are one of major problems in Oman as the demand and consumption of water have increased. Realizing the risks following such situation, the Sultanate has worked to provide improved drinking water to every house through water networks, governmental conductive points of water, and bottled water. As mentioned in the eighth five-year plan (2011-2015), about 712 M R.O is the investment coast of water in water sector. In fact, this goal has been achieved since 2014, where proportion of population using an improved drinking water source reached 94.9%.
As for sanitation services, the engineering requirements of buildings in Oman require that all fixed houses include health facilities provided with water. In 2014, proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility reached 99%.
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