Labor laws and policies
Oman has realized its responsibilities of providing good living for its people long time ago. It knew that it had to provide them with livelihood, especially with jobs and decent work for all. By such realization, Oman has started in building its people and society, and in promoting its development and economy. Moreover, the Sultanate has adopted the laws and policies to manage employment process and provision of equal opportunities for all. Here are the major labor laws:
The Labor Law in Oman (Omani Labor Law = OLL) was issued by His Majesty’s Decree No 35/2003. It applies to all Omani or expatriate employers and employees, public and private establishments, organizations and their subsidiaries, which practice their activities in the Sultanate of Oman.
The Omani Labor Law is divided into ten parts consisting of: definitions and general provisions, employment of citizens and regulation of foreigners’ work, contract of work, the wages, leaves and working hours, employment of juveniles and women, industrial safety, employment of workers in mines and quarries, labor disputes, labor unions and the general federation for the workers of the Sultanate of Oman and penalties.
Any Omani who is fit and desirous to work may apply for registration of his name with the relevant directorate and state details of his age, qualifications, experience, preferences and the work he desires to join, in addition to any other information as may be determined by the Ministry.
Ministry of Manpower regulates labor market with the contribution from all three stakeholders (government, employers and employees) and increase the percentage of national manpower in the private sector, to enhance its role in supporting the national economy. Additionally, one of the Ministry's prerogatives is "Implementing and following up all programs relating to the employment of national workforce and assessing its performance in cooperation with the concerned authorities."
Civil Service Law
The Civil Service Law was issued by His Majesty’s Decree No 120/2004. The provisions of this law shall apply to civilian personnel in the administrative system of the state, with the exception of employees whose employment affairs are being regulated by private laws and contracts, as stipulated in the provisions of these laws and contracts. Decision No 9/2010, also, issued the Executive Regulation of Civil Service Law, (Arabic Only) which regulates the provisions of contracts with the concerning employees.
The role of the Ministry of Civil Service lies in implementing the policies and general plans approved by civil service, especially with regard to employment in the administrative system entities of the state. It also receives the job needs from government institutions that applied to Civil Service Law and its Executive Regulation, and studies those needs and the compatibility of job titles with the terms of the jobs, with the availability of financial degrees in those entities.