Voting right in Oman
Every Omani citizen, 21 years old or above, has the right to vote during the government elections such as the Shura Council’s and the Municipal Council’s elections.
In order to facilitate the voting process, the government has developed the selection mechanism. The traditional process of voting was in held in the election centers by filling the election form and putting it in the selection box and later on the sorting and counting process were done traditionally.
Currently, the process has been developed to be electronic by establishing an electoral database the electoral register mail» and electronic sorting to the votes and the announcement of results. Therefore, the elections have become more organized and accurate. This system verifies a person's identity through his/her electronic fingerprint as it shortens the process of counting the votes and announcing the results soon with a high level of security and accuracy.
Due to the importance of the principle of consultation (Shura), the Omani government has devoted efforts to involve the citizen in the participation in the political field and give him the right of the freedom of choice. Shura Council is a good example that represents how the government focuses on the opinions of the Omani citizen to contribute to the development of Oman. Shura Council was established in 1991 according to the orders from His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said to replace the Advisory Council, which was established in 1981. Elections are held every four years, where the citizens can choose the appropriate person who represents their state in order to raise their suggestions and express their views to the government.
The Council has several functions are only limited on giving the opinion and debate and making recommendations. The council also participates in the development of economic and social laws and the preparation of the projects of five-year development plans, and discuss topics of interest to citizens, such as high prices and infrastructure.