Health Laws and Regulations
Since its establishment in 1970, the Ministry of Health in the Sultanate sought to follow the principle of decentralization in providing health services. Therefore, many Royal Decrees and ministerial decisions were issued in various medical matters to create a health system that is able to provide the necessary health services for all citizens and residents of the Sultanate.
All government and private health institutions, such as hospitals, clinics, institutes, and medical colleges are under the supervision of the Ministry of Health, which issues ministerial decisions to regulate the medical system in the Sultanate and ensure compliance with health laws and regulations in the Sultanate.
Moreover, the Omani Council for Medical Specialties is keen to find opportunities of studies and training for professionals in the medical field from the Sultanate.
Among the Royal Decrees issued to regulate the health system in the Sultanate, are the following:
- Royal Decree No. 36/2014 determining the terms of reference of the Ministry of Health and the approval of its organizational structure (Arabic-only)
- Royal Decree No. 31/2006 issuing the Omani Council for Medical Specialties system (Arabic-only)
- Royal Decree No. 67/2004 establishing a fund for compensation for medical errors (Arabic-only)
- Royal Decree No. 43/96 issuing the system of practicing veterinary medicine and the establishment of private veterinary clinics (Arabic-only)
Many Royal Decrees were issued to set laws and regulations concerned with the field of health, such as:
- Royal Decree No. 41/96 on issuing pharmacy profession law and regulation of pharmaceutical institutions (Arabic only)
- Royal Decree No. 22/96 on issuing the practice of Human Medicine and Dentistry Law (Arabic only)
- Royal Decree No. 73/92 on issuing infectious disease control law (Arabic only)
In addition to that, the Sultanate has made some international efforts, such as joining and supporting international organizations and approving on health conventions and protocols, as in the following:
- Royal Decree No. 20/2005 on approval to join the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Combating (Arabic only)
- Royal Decree No. 26/2000 on approval of joining the Convention of establishing the International Institute of vaccination (Arabic only)
- Royal Decree No. 58/98 on approving the amendment to the Constitution of WHO (Arabic only)
- Royal Decree No. 41/81 on the approval to join the two Protocols of the International Red Cross (Arabic only)
The Sultanate, represented by the Ministry of Health is still seeking further progress and development in the field of health services through the creation of a system of laws that will ensure that all citizens and residents of Oman will get the health care they need.