Public prosecution is an important part of Oman’s judicial authority and acts as a deputy and a representative of the society in different types of cases in accordance with the fundamentals and requirements of the Omani law. It takes public suits on behalf of society and it is complementary to the Sultanate’s judiciary for it executes primary investigation on felonies. In addition, it disposes investigations carried out on different cases through deciding on the legal actions to be taken, to either conserve, issue a criminal order or to raise the case to the judiciary for adjudication. Law of public prosecution classifies the positions of public prosecution as follows:
The Attorney General
The Deputy Attorney General
The Assistant Attorneys General
The Public Prosecution Chiefs
The Principle Public Prosecution Agents
The Secondary Public Prosecution Agents
The Public Prosecution Assistant
Members of Public Prosecution follow their Heads according to the order shown above and they all follow the Attorney General who follows the Inspector General, who on his turn follows the Police and Customs, without breaching the Attorney General’s independence in judiciary acts.
However, the Inspector General has the right to monitor and supervise all members of Public Persecution. The Attorney General has the same rights, in addition to issuing regulations regarding the members work. Appointing Public Persecution jobs is done through a royal decree after a nomination is made by the Administrative Affairs Council as set forth in the Judicial Authority Law, at the suggestion of the Inspector General of Police and Customs. However, Deputy General is appointed by the decision of the Inspector General with the approval of the Council.