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Judicial Authorities and their Jurisdictions

The first judicial organization in the Sultanate was in 1920 when the commercial and civilian courts were established Muscat and Muttrah. Judicial achievements in the era of His Majesty were completed with the issuance of the Basic Statute of the State in1996. This was the first written constitution of the Sultanate. However, the true renaissance of the judiciary in the Sultanate started with the issuance of the Judicial Authority Law by Royal Decree No. (90 \ 99) amended by Royal Decree No. (14\2001). Judiciary was ever since marked with unity and autonomy, where no word but the law’s is above the judge’s word and no authority is allowed to intervene in cases or matters of justice. Thus, the judicial system was empowered to support and facilitate the development of Oman's Renaissance, as well as preventing any action seeking the loss of its gains.

Supreme Judicial Council

The Supreme Judicial Council was established by Royal Decree No. (9/2012). It was formed to be under the chairmanship of His Majesty the Sultan. In addition, the Chairman of the Supreme Court was appointed as vice-president and a number of heads of courts and judges as council members of the Council.

The Council aims at consolidating values, ideals and ethics of judicial work, taking care of its systems, as well as, working on the independence and development of judiciary in the country. Royal Decree had also allocated the powers and functions of the Council.

Oman’s judicial system departs into three types:

  1. Regular courts
  2. Administrative judiciary
  3. Military Justice

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